## UNDERSTANDING NUMBERS AND SOLVING REAL-WORLD PROBLEMS

We believe in engaging all students in math lessons that help them grow their abilities and knowledge. Responding to the individual needs and strengths of each student is a priority in math instruction. Through their math education, students should learn to apply math to real-world settings.

Contact

Melina Dyer
K-5 math curriculum specialist
360-313-1020
Email

## ELEMENTARY

### Addition and subtraction: Concepts, skills and problem-solving, place value

• Second grade: Add/subtract within 100 and single-digit sums and differences (sums from memory by end of second grade)

### Multiplication and division of whole numbers and fractions: Concepts, skills and problem solving; single-digit products and quotients

• Third grade: Single-digit multiplication (accurately multiply and divide within 100); add/subtract within 1,000

## WHAT ARE MIDDLE SCHOOL MATH PATHWAYS?

• Math builds on itself. This means future success in higher level math courses is dependent on a deep understanding of, and ability to apply beginning-math concepts.

• For this reason, it is important that concepts are taught in a certain order – math pathways – and that the student learns, understands and retains previous math knowledge.

## THE TRADITIONAL MATH PATHWAY AT THE MIDDLE SCHOOL LEVEL

• In order to build a strong foundation of math ability, many important math concepts previously taught at higher grades have shifted to sixth grade.

### Curriculum and standards

The first critical middle school math course is Math I. Most sixth grade students will start in Math I which is designed to build a strong math foundation of knowledge by focusing on:

• Ratios and relationships with fractions

• Operations with fractions

• Algebraic expressions and equations

A student’s ability to apply and understand concepts in Math I determine whether they will progress on a traditional or accelerated math pathway to graduation beginning in seventh grade.

Traditional pathway students will take Math II in seventh grade. Math II focuses on these major concepts:

• Ratios and proportional relationships in real-life math problems

• Operations with fractions

• Solve real-life and mathematical problems using numerical and algebraic expressions and equations

Math III is the traditional pathway math class for 8th grade students. Math III focuses on the following concepts:

• Linear equations
• Linear functions

• Integers and exponents

This represents the traditional middle school math pathway, but there are many math pathways depending on a student’s academic performance.

## HIGH SCHOOL

### Curriculum and standards

• Ratios and relationships with fractions

• Percentages and unit conversions (e.g., in the context of complicated measurement problems involving quantities with derived or compound units)
• Basic function concepts (e.g., by interpreting the features of a graph in the context of an applied problem)
• Concepts and skills of geometric measurement (e.g., when analyzing a diagram or schematic)
• Concepts and skills of basic statistics and probability
• Performing rational number arithmetic fluently
• Algebra I

• Algebra II

• Applied algebra (career and technical education dual credit)

• Geometry

• Concepts and skills of basic statistics and probability

• Statistics and data literacy

• Modeling our world with mathematics

• Pre-calculus